MONUMENTS FOR THE FUTURE
The Hellenic Foundation is in the process of creating its first multingual monument designed to honor Aristotle in his birthplace of Stagira, a small village in northern Greece. The Foundation has plans to design, construct and gain approval for future monuments at key locations, such as birthplaces, battlefields and other significant locations, honoring famous Greeks from all ages, who contributed to the advancement of culture, democracy, freedom, the arts, intellectual pursuits and the Greek ideal. The Foundation is considering seeking approval to place a similar monument in honor of Aristotle in the city of Halkida on the Island of Euboea where Aristotle died. Below are examples of the Foundation’s current monument designs.
PROPOSAL TO BUILD MONUMENT TO ARISTOTLE
Hellenic Foundation Receives Approval to Build Monument Honoring the Life of Aristotle.
On May 9, 2005, the Hellenic Foundation for the Preservation of History and Culture, Inc. received approval to build its first monument in Greek and English to honor an important cultural location in Greece. This monument will be titled “The Birthplace of Aristotle” honoring the great Philosopher in his hometown of Stageira. This monument will chronicle the life of Aristotle as it interconnected with those of other great Greeks, including his world renowned teacher Plato; Philip II of Macedonia, and Philip’s son, Alexander the Great.
In 335 B.C., Aristotle started his famous Lyceum Academy in Athens where he taught for 13 years. Aristotle’s body of work is enormous. He helped the world to better understand philosophy, logic, politics, economics, justice, biology and physics. He wrote more than 400 works, of which 47 have survived today. These were not only greatly admired by his contemporaries, the ancient Greeks, but by people of thought throughout all ages.
Aristotle wrote extensively on physics including the theory of movement and changes in nature. He also invented the great tool of logic, the syllogism, a method where if two propositions are advanced, a third proposition must necessarily follow. Among his most famous works was Politics , in which he and his students analyzed 158 constitutions, including The Athenian Constitution. His multidisciplinary gifts to the advancement of knowledge and intellectual pursuits are among the greatest in the history of the world.
The Hellenic Foundation seeks to preserve the significance of important Hellenic achievements through the creation and maintenance of permanent public monuments, memorials, and museums. In addition, the Hellenic Foundation wishes to promote and enhance an awareness and appreciation of the extraordinary contributions of Greeks to the advancement of freedom and humanity. The Foundation will design, construct and maintain descriptive public monuments celebrating important Greek achievements. The monuments and memorials will be in both Greek and English and will contain a narrative of the historical setting, accomplishments, or historical contributions of the battle, person, achievement, structure or event.
PROPOSAL TO CREATE MONUMENTS AT MAJOR GREEK BATTLEFIELDS
It is widely recognized that Greece has some of the most significant battlefields in world history. Six Greek battlefields are routinely ranked in the top 100 of all time.
Greece stands through history as the architect of democracy and its oldest defender. Greece developed the western way of war and hosted some of its most significant encounters. Many of these struggles were against overwhelming odds and preserved freedom in the west for centuries to come. Unfortunately, some of these extremely important Greek battlefields, where sacred consecrations of life were made in defense of freedom, lie today virtually unmarked.
The Hellenic Foundation seeks to honor these historic Greek achievements by creating, constructing, and placing descriptive historical monuments at key battle sites. These battlefields are all very worthy of honor and remembrance. The descriptive monuments will be bilingual or multilingual in Greek, English and other languages as deemed appropriate.
PLAN FOR BATTLEFIELD MONUMENTS
Major ancient Greek battles fall into various historical groupings. The first major battle grouping are known as the Persian Wars from 490 BC to 479 BC. The Persian Wars were a titanic struggle for the Greeks defending their own territory as the Persian Empire was thirty times larger than Greece.
The major battles in the Persian Wars were Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis and Platea. We propose to initially create descriptive historical monuments at Salamis and Platea. The reason for this is that the Greek government placed descriptive plaques at the Marathon and Thermopylae battle sites prior to the 2004 Athens Olympics. However, we would be happy at any time to participate in the development of additional descriptive historical monuments at Marathon and Thermopylae.
Salamis and Plataea were the last two battlefields in the Persian Wars and are extremely important battlefields in world history. The naval battle in the narrow straits of Salamis is regarded universally as the most important naval battle in antiquity and one of the most significant in world history. At Plataea, the outnumbered Greek allies won a hotly contested victory in a complex battle that effectively ended the massive Persian invasion of Greece.
The next phase of our proposed descriptive historical monument development deals with heroic battles between Greek city states. These monuments will emphasize the valor of the Greek warriors and the tactical and strategic genius employed by great Greeks. The monuments will also address the significant historical ramifications of these conflicts.
We propose to place and construct battles descriptive battlefield monuments at four battlefields where the conflicts were between Greeks. These battle sites are Delium (424BC), (Leuctra (371 BC), Mantinea (418 BC and 362 BC), and Chaeronea (338 BC). These battles were hallmarks of the era beginning with the Peloponnesian War, through the hegemony of Thebes with its brilliant general Epaminondas, and culminating the rise of Philip and Alexander of Macedon and their tactical victory at Chaeronea.
The sites for which descriptive historical monuments could be created in Greece are truly unlimited. We propose to continue to study these sites and to develop plans to create descriptive monuments honoring famous Greek people, places and events. We would work with other foundations in Greece and also with the Ministry of Culture of the Hellenic Republic to obtain the requisite approvals.
The Foundation is committed to using Greek resources in the creation of these descriptive monuments. The Foundation is presently working on the completion of a monument in honor of Aristotle. Progress on this project is continuing.