The Island of Mykonos
 

Mykonos is a Greek island and one of the top and famous international tourist destinations, around the world for its cosmopolitan character and its strong nightlife. The island is part of theCyclades. It spans an area of 105.183 km 2 (41 sq mi) and rises at an elevation of 346 meters (1,119 ft) at its highest point. The island is primarily granite with little natural fresh water and relies on desalination of sea water in order to meet its needs. The largest town is Mykonos, also known as Chora, which lgreek ies on the west coast. There are 9,320 inhabitants most of whom live in Chora.

Archaeological finds indicate that Mykonos was settled as far back as 3,000 B.C. Mykonos has been ruled by the Athenians, Macedonians, Romans, Venetians, and Turks. It has been part of Greece since 1821.

According to Greek Mythology, Mykonos was the location of the battle between Zeus and the Titans.Mykonos was also where Heracles was reputed to have killed the giants. Mykonos, due to its proximity to the then highly populated island of Delos (situated only about 2 km away), became very important as a supply island and possibly as a getaway location for Delian citizens. Mykonos was once very poor, and the people tried to survive on fishing and stock breeding on the harsh land. A major industry was also ship construction. Tourism has turned the economy over since it started in the 1950s.

Today, Mykonos is one of the most cosmopolitan Greek islands having become increasingly popular with tourists. It is known for its diverse and intense nightlife as evidenced by a vast number of bars and nightclubs. Mykonos is also known for its sandy beaches. The island has an airport and is a frequent destination for cruise ships. Mykonos has spectacular beaches with crystal clear green color water.

Mykonos is characterized by white houses with flowers and blue windows and doors, hand painted streets, windmills, pigeon keepers, chimneys, lots of little churches and wonderful restaurants and cafes.

Outside of the capital Chora there are very few densely populated areas. Villages and hamlets scatter the hillsides. In some areas there is fairly intensive development of holiday complexes. Being an island that receives the four winds head on, there are very few trees in the landscape. this, together with the rocks and boulders strewn across the terrain, give a strange and desolate feeling to the island that contrasts starkly to the sophistication of its main town.

[ http://www.in2greece.com/english/places/summer/islands/mykonos.htm]

 
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